Researchers are constantly discovering new cannabinoids and finding incredible new medical applications for them. While research continues, it is helpful to examine what has already been documented.
Cannabinoids are, simply put, a type of chemical compound. They're found in the human body as endocannabinoids, and our bodies have natural receptors for them; similar to how we have receptors for chemicals like dopamine and adrenaline. The cannabis plant also contains cannabinoids, and it is the process of them bonding to our receptor cells that brings about the medical benefits of the plant. We know about the existence of over 66 different cannabinoids, but there are specific ones which have been found to be of particular medical importance. The chart below, created for Sespe Creek Collective's Introduction to Cannabinoids, is an excellent resource demonstrating the various beneficial effects of different cannabinoids.